Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 11 (3), 375-9

Wringer Arm Injuries

Wringer Arm Injuries

H H Stone et al. J Pediatr Surg.


During a 20-yr period, 483 children 16 yr of age or under were hospitalized for management of a wringer arm injury. Although the majority were indigent, black males, such trauma was frequently sustained by all classes and races as well as by both sexes. Principles of treatment consisted of cleansing the abrasion wound, application of a pressure dressing from axilla to finger tips, elevation, and close observation. With the exception of a destroyed brachial vein in one patien, significant vascular injuries did not occur despite a "medical fixation" on evidences of impaired circulation. Likewise, no fractures were noted even though all patients had x-rays of the full extremity. However, there were six metacarpophalangeal dislocations, five instances of neuropathy, and one traumatic amputation. Major skin sloughs occurred in 18 children, yet only 11 of them required a skin graft.

Similar articles

  • Wringer Washer Injuries in Children
    EB Cabbabe et al. Ann Plast Surg 10 (2), 135-42. PMID 6838119.
    Injuries resulting from wringer washers are still fairly common around the world. Manufacturers' data regarding wringer washers are reported. The literature is reviewed, …
  • Upper Extremity Wringer Injury
    JL Franz et al. Vasc Surg 9 (5), 302-7. PMID 1229264.
    A clinical survey of 92 upper extremity wringer injuries over the past four years at the Bexar County Hospital are presented. Our treatment regimen and results are outlin …
  • Wringer Injuries of Extremities
    GE McGee et al. South Med J 76 (3), 304-6. PMID 6338596. - Case Reports
    The manifestations of injuries caused by wringer washing machines were examined in 24 children with a total of 26 injured extremities. The extent of injury was almost alw …
  • Management of Farm-Related Injuries to the Upper Extremity
    S Chun. Hand Clin 15 (2), 201-19, vii. PMID 10361632. - Review
    This article familiarizes physicians with common farm equipment that can cause devastating hand injuries. The focus is on farm-related injuries to the hand and stresses t …
  • Upper Extremity Injuries in the Adolescent Athlete
    MW Mariscalco et al. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 19 (1), 17-26. PMID 21293234. - Review
    There has been a significant increase in youth sports participation and athletic activities over the past 3 decades. With the increase in participation, there has been a …
See all similar articles

Cited by 1 PubMed Central articles

LinkOut - more resources