Surgical technique of onlay bone grafting

Implant Soc. 1994;5(1):5-8.


Different forms of bone grafting materials are alluded to in this paper. Autogenous graft is superior to other bone grafting materials but is many times not available or the patient is not willing to utilize cranial or iliac crest bone. Allografts, Xenografts and bone substitute materials are the most widely used today in dentistry and especially those patients wishing to use dental implants as abutment support. The technique discussed utilizing surgical tissue design, tissue closure over the graft material and the tissue barrier can be used to produce a successful final result using a graft material of choice. It is quite certain that in the near future, the use of bone graft enhancement materials (bone morphogenic protein-like substances) will be used to enhance a quicker result. It is anticipated that growth factors, stimulating factors, bone morphogenetic proteins, and osteogenetic proteins will cause a bone graft to vascularize, solidify, incorporate, and function optimally in a shorter period of time. These materials will reduce the disability time and enhance the outcome of bone grafting in the dental profession. It is also anticipated that advanced tissue surgical techniques will give better vascularization to the new graft. The described technique is predictable and should give the operator the desired result.

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Ridge Augmentation / methods*
  • Bone Substitutes / therapeutic use
  • Bone Transplantation / methods*
  • Bone and Bones / blood supply
  • Humans
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Maxilla / surgery
  • Suture Techniques
  • Transplantation, Autologous


  • Bone Substitutes