Knock-in mutation of transcription factor GATA-3 into the GATA-1 locus: partial rescue of GATA-1 loss of function in erythroid cells

Dev Biol. 1998 Apr 15;196(2):218-27. doi: 10.1006/dbio.1997.8842.


Transcription factors of the GATA-family are essential for proper development of diverse tissues or cell types. GATA-1 is required for differentiation of two hematopoietic lineages (red blood cells and megakaryocytes), whereas GATA-3 is essential for T-cell development. Functional studies suggest that many properties of the GATA-family of proteins are shared and largely interchangeable. To test whether the function of GATA-1 in erythroid differentiation can be replaced by another GATA-factor, we generated a knock-in mutation of the GATA-1 locus in which GATA-3 cDNA was introduced by gene targeting. Mutant embryos (designated G1G3ki), though embryonic lethal, exhibit partial rescue, characterized by increased survival of erythroid precursor cells and improved hemoglobin production. The basis for the incomplete extent of rescue is likely to be complex, but may be accounted for, in part, by insufficient accumulation of GATA-3 protein (compared with the normal level of GATA-1). Our findings suggest that GATA-3 protein is functional when expressed in an erythroid environment and is competent to act on at least a subset of erythroid-expressed target genes in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anemia
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / analysis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells / chemistry
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells / cytology
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells / physiology*
  • Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors
  • Erythropoiesis / genetics
  • Female
  • Fetus
  • GATA1 Transcription Factor
  • GATA3 Transcription Factor
  • Gene Targeting
  • Genotype
  • Globins / genetics
  • Liver
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mutation
  • RNA, Messenger / blood
  • Trans-Activators / analysis
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*
  • Trans-Activators / physiology
  • Transcription Factors / analysis
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / physiology
  • Yolk Sac / cytology


  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors
  • GATA1 Transcription Factor
  • GATA3 Transcription Factor
  • Gata1 protein, mouse
  • Gata3 protein, mouse
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Globins