Background: Sometimes in glaucomatous patients treated with trabeculectomy there is not a correlation between bleb shape and intraocular pressure. So we studied the functional anatomy of the filtering bleb by a ultrasound biomicroscope, using high frequency (50 Mhz) probe, which provides high resolution images of filtering blebs.
Materials and methods: A total of 46 filtering blebs of 46 patients after trabeculectomy were analyzed by ultrasound biomicroscopy (50 Mhz). Dimensions, shapes and structure of blebs were evaluated in 2 groups of patients.
Results: It was possible to obtain longitudinal or transverse images of filtering blebs, to measure the height, to evaluate the reflectivity inside and to follow the route under the scleral flap. Blebs with lower reflectivity and a visible route under the scleral flap had a lower intraocular pressure while the height was not important for a good intraocular pressure.
Conclusions: So ultrasound biomicroscopy can be a useful method to study filtering blebs and also to explain the mechanisms of filtering structures in patients who underwent trabeculectomy.