Age, experience and the changing brain

Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 1998 Mar;22(2):143-59. doi: 10.1016/s0149-7634(97)00008-0.


In this review, various aspects of how environmental experience effects the structure of the cortex at different times in the age of the animal are summarized. The interactions of brain injury and sex on the age-dependent plastic changes in the cortex are also considered. Finally, we have attempted to reach some general conclusions that describe the effects of age, experience, sex, and injury on the cortex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging / psychology*
  • Animals
  • Behavior / physiology*
  • Behavior, Animal / physiology
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / growth & development*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Environment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male