Clinical and molecular heterogeneity in carbonic anhydrase II deficiency and prenatal diagnosis in an Italian family

J Pediatr. 1998 Apr;132(4):717-20. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(98)70367-1.


Carbonic anhydrase (CA) II deficiency is characterized by osteopetrosis, renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification, and usually severe mental retardation. We describe an Italian boy with this disease whose mental retardation was relatively mild and whose renal tubular acidosis had only a distal component. A novel mutation of a gt-->tt change of splice donor site at the 5' end of intron 6 was demonstrated. Comparison of this patient with two previous Italian families with different mutations illustrates the clinical and molecular heterogeneity of this disease. The identification of the mutation in this family provided the opportunity for prenatal diagnosis in a subsequent pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acidosis, Renal Tubular / diagnosis
  • Acidosis, Renal Tubular / genetics*
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / deficiency*
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / genetics
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intellectual Disability / diagnosis
  • Intellectual Disability / genetics*
  • Introns / genetics
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Osteopetrosis / diagnosis
  • Osteopetrosis / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis*


  • Carbonic Anhydrases