Objectives: This study sought to compare stenting of the primary infarct-related artery (IRA) with optimal primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with respect to clinical and angiographic outcomes of patients with an acute myocardial infarction.
Background: Early and late restenosis or reocclusion of the IRA after successful primary PTCA significantly contributes to increased patient morbidity and mortality. Coronary stenting results in a lower rate of angiographic and clinical restenosis than standard PTCA in patients with angina and with previously untreated, noncomplex lesions.
Methods: After successful primary PTCA, 150 patients were randomly assigned to elective stenting or no further intervention. The primary end point of the trial was a composite end point, defined as death, reinfarction or repeat target vessel revascularization as a consequence of recurrent ischemia within 6 months of randomization. The secondary end point was angiographic evidence of restenosis or reocclusion at 6 months after randomization.
Results: Stenting of the IRA was successful in all patients randomized to stent treatment. At 6 months, the incidence of the primary end point was 9% in the stent group and 28% in the PTCA group (p=0.003); the incidence of restenosis or reocclusion was 17% in the stent group and 43% in the PTCA group (p=0.001).
Conclusions: Primary stenting of the IRA, compared with optimal primary angioplasty, results in a lower rate of major adverse events related to recurrent ischemia and a lower rate of angiographically detected restenosis or reocclusion of the IRA.