Aesthetic evolution of anterior maxillary crowns: a literature review

Pract Periodontics Aesthet Dent. Jan-Feb 1998;10(1):87-94; quiz 96.


The aesthetics of anterior maxillary restorations and health of the surrounding tissues are primary determinants of the successful outcome of a clinical procedure. Various restorative materials and application techniques have been developed to achieve optimal aesthetics. While early porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations exhibited metal margins, the development of shoulder porcelain margins in the 1980s resulted in a significant aesthetic improvement. Only in the 1990s, however, did all-porcelain restorations finally achieve the strength and complete range of optical characteristics exhibited by the natural dentition.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Crowns*
  • Dental Implantation / methods
  • Dental Porcelain / therapeutic use
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent / methods*
  • Esthetics, Dental*
  • Humans
  • Incisor
  • Maxilla
  • Metal Ceramic Alloys / therapeutic use


  • Metal Ceramic Alloys
  • Dental Porcelain