Risk of assaultive violence and alcohol availability in New Jersey

Am J Public Health. 1998 Jan;88(1):97-100. doi: 10.2105/ajph.88.1.97.


Objectives: This study examined the relationship between rate of assaultive violence and density of alcohol outlets in New Jersey.

Methods: Data pertaining to assaultive violence, alcohol outlet density, and sociodemographic factors were obtained from municipalities in New Jersey (n = 223) and assessed through bivariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: Sociodemographic factors accounted for 70% (R(2)=.70) of the variance in the rate of assaultive violence. Outlet density did not add significantly to the explained variance of this model.

Conclusions: In New Jersey, alcohol outlet density is not geographically associated with higher rates of violence. Alternative methodological and analytic techniques are required to better specify the relationship between alcohol availability and violence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Commerce*
  • Crime / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • New Jersey
  • Regression Analysis
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban Population
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data*