There is genetic predisposition associated with >=10% of all cancer of the prostate (CaP). By means of a genomewide search on a selection of 47 French and German families, parametric and nonparametric linkage (NPL) analysis allowed identification of a locus, on chromosome 1q42.2-43, carrying a putative predisposing gene for CaP (PCaP). The primary localization was confirmed with several markers, by use of three different genetic models. We obtained a maximum two-point LOD score of 2.7 with marker D1S2785. Multipoint parametric and NPL analysis yielded maximum HLOD and NPL scores of 2.2 and 3.1, respectively, with an associated P value of . 001. Homogeneity analysis with multipoint LOD scores gave an estimate of the proportion of families with linkage to this locus of 50%, with a likelihood ratio of 157/1 in favor of heterogeneity. Furthermore, the 9/47 families with early-onset CaP at age <60 years gave multipoint LOD and NPL scores of 3.31 and 3.32, respectively, with P = .001.