Steroid cell tumors of the ovary: clinical, ultrasonic, and MRI diagnosis--a case report

Eur J Radiol. 1998 Feb;26(3):269-73. doi: 10.1016/s0720-048x(96)01133-3.


Steroid cell tumors of the ovary are rare sex-cord neoplasms which account for less than 0.1% of all ovarian tumors. They have been divided into two subtypes according to their cell of origin as follows: stromal luteoma, and Leydig cell tumors, and a third subtype with lineage unknown is a steroid cell tumor, not otherwise specified (NOS). The clinical presentation may take many forms, including pain, abdominal distention and bloating, but perhaps the most interesting and noticeable presentations are those related to the hormonal activity and virilizing properties of the tumor. No radiological features of the steroid cell tumor, NOS have been presented in the literature. This report presents the MRI and ultrasonographic findings of a patient having steroid cell tumor, NOS, of the right ovary with metastasis to the uterus.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / complications
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Ovary / pathology
  • Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / complications
  • Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis*
  • Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / secondary
  • Uterine Neoplasms / secondary
  • Virilism / etiology