Population data for 101 Austrian Caucasian mitochondrial DNA d-loop sequences: application of mtDNA sequence analysis to a forensic case

Int J Legal Med. 1998;111(3):124-32. doi: 10.1007/s004140050132.


The sequence of the two hypervariable segments of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region was generated for 101 random Austrian Caucasians. A total of 86 different mtDNA sequences was observed, where 11 sequences were shared by more than 1 individual, 7 sequences were shared by 2 individuals and 4 sequences were shared by 3 individuals. One of the four most common mtDNA sequences in Austrians is also the most common sequence in both U.S. and British Caucasians, found in approximately 3.0% of Austrians, 4.0% of British, and 3.9% of U.S. Caucasians. Of the remaining three common Austrian sequences, one was not observed in either U.S. or British Caucasians. However, three British Caucasians exhibited a similar sequence type. Therefore, this particular cluster of sequence polymorphisms may represent a common "European" mtDNA sequence type. In general, Austrian Caucasians show little deviation from other Caucasian databases of European descent. Finally, mtDNA sequence analysis was applied to a forensic case, where hairs found at a crime scene matched the control hairs from the suspect.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Austria
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Databases as Topic
  • Ethnicity / genetics
  • Gene Frequency / genetics*
  • Genetics, Population
  • Hair / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA*
  • Theft / legislation & jurisprudence
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • White People / genetics*


  • DNA, Mitochondrial