Induction of an adaptive response against spontaneous neoplastic transformation in vitro by low-dose gamma radiation

Radiat Res. 1998 May;149(5):517-20.


An adaptive response against spontaneous neoplastic transformation in vitro induced by low-dose gamma radiation has recently been reported using a clone of C3H 10T1/2 cells with a predisposition toward spontaneous transformation (Azzam et al., Radiat. Res. 146, 369-370, 1996). To test the generality of this observation, the HeLa x skin fibroblast human hybrid cell system was used to look for such an adaptive response using a similar experimental protocol. In the experimental protocol used, the frequency of neoplastic transformation of unirradiated cultures (Arm A) was compared to that of cultures which had been irradiated with 1 cGy of gamma radiation and either plated immediately (Arm B) or held for 24 h at 37 degrees C prior to plating (Arm C) for assay of neoplastic transformation. The pooled data from four separate experiments demonstrated a significantly reduced transformation frequency for Arm C compared to Arms A and B. This is indicative of an adaptive response in the case of postirradiation holding, in agreement with the earlier study using C3H 10T1/2 cells. However, with the exception of one experiment, the existence of the adaptive response was not clear on the basis of analysis of individual experiments. This points out the importance of sample size when looking at low-dose effects that are close in magnitude to the inherent variations in spontaneous transformation frequency.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological*
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / radiation effects*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Fibroblasts / physiology
  • Fibroblasts / radiation effects
  • Gamma Rays*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Hybrid Cells
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Skin Physiological Phenomena / radiation effects