Background: The number of patients waiting lung transplantation greatly exceeds the supply of donors. This study was conducted to determine the effect of high-dose steroid administration on oxygenation and donor lung recovery after brain death.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 118 consecutive organ donors from January 1 through December 31, 1995. Eighty donors received high-dose steroids (methylprednisolone, mean 14.5+/-0.06 mg/kg) after organ procurement organization management began; a second group was composed of 38 patients who received no steroids. PaO2/FiO2 ratios were used to evaluate oxygenation. The number of single and double lungs transplanted served as the endpoint.
Results: No differences were noted in hemodynamics, most clinical or demographic variables and initial values of PaO2/FiO2 between groups. However, nonsteroid-treated donors showed an overall decrease in oxygenation (mean decrease in PaO2/FiO2 -34.2+/-14), whereas steroid-treated donors had a significant and progressive increase in oxygenation (mean increase in PaO2/FiO2: 16+/-14) before aortic cross-clamping (p = 0.01). Time before cross-clamping was longer in the steroid-treated patients (p = 0.003). The number of procured lungs was markedly greater in steroid-treated than nonsteroid-treated donors (25/80 patients vs 3/38; p < 0.01).
Conclusions: High-dose methylprednisolone given during donor management results in improved oxygenation at organ recovery. This treatment resulted in a significant increase in the number of lungs transplanted and may have enabled donors to be treated longer.