Ocular melanomas and melanocytic lesions of the eye

J Am Acad Dermatol. 1998 May;38(5 Pt 1):716-30. doi: 10.1016/s0190-9622(98)70201-4.

Abstract

This article describes several melanocytic lesions of the eye. Benign and malignant lesions will be discussed as well as a review of the dysplastic nevus syndrome and its proposed association with ocular melanoma. Ocular melanomas arise from the same embryologically derived melanocytes as their cutaneous counterparts. However, ocular and cutaneous melanomas differ in many respects. The diagnosis and management of these ocular tumors rely heavily on the ophthalmologist. However, knowledge of melanocytic lesions will aid the dermatologist in detection and in proper referral of these patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology
  • Dermatology
  • Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome / pathology
  • Eye / anatomy & histology
  • Eye Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Eye Diseases / pathology
  • Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Eye Neoplasms / pathology
  • Humans
  • Melanocytes / pathology
  • Melanoma / diagnosis*
  • Melanoma / pathology
  • Melanosis / diagnosis
  • Melanosis / pathology
  • Nevus / diagnosis
  • Nevus / pathology
  • Nevus of Ota / diagnosis
  • Nevus of Ota / pathology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Pigmentation Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Pigmentation Disorders / pathology
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Scleral Diseases / diagnosis
  • Scleral Diseases / pathology
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • Uveal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Uveal Neoplasms / pathology