Airway management in Pierre Robin sequence

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998 May;118(5):630-5. doi: 10.1177/019459989811800511.


There is a great deal of controversy regarding the long-term management of airway obstruction in children with Pierre Robin sequence. All 23 pediatric otolaryngology fellowship programs were surveyed to determine their current practice patterns. Issues that were addressed included methods of evaluation of airway obstruction, including polysomnography, choices for home care in children in whom observation and positioning treatment failed, and complications of the various treatment modalities. The lack of unanimity among the respondents mirrors the controversy found in the literature. Though tracheotomy appears to be favored as the method of long-term management, responses from those surveyed often were based on emotions as much as on scientific data. This report details those findings and offers suggestions to clinicians involved with the management of patients with Pierre Robin sequence with airway compromise.

MeSH terms

  • Airway Obstruction / diagnosis
  • Airway Obstruction / therapy*
  • Child
  • Decision Making
  • Emotions
  • Fellowships and Scholarships
  • Home Care Services
  • Humans
  • Intubation / adverse effects
  • Intubation / instrumentation
  • Long-Term Care
  • Nasopharynx
  • Otolaryngology / education
  • Pediatrics / education
  • Pierre Robin Syndrome / complications*
  • Polysomnography
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Respiratory Therapy / adverse effects
  • Respiratory Therapy / methods
  • Safety
  • Science
  • Tracheotomy
  • Treatment Failure