Paternity analysis was performed on the DNA of 21 equine embryos collected nonsurgically 10 days after ovulation from known mares, but involving 3 possible sires. After extraction, the DNA of each embryo was typed by radioactive PCR amplification using 10 characterised microsatellites; HMS 1, 2, 5, 6, 7 and 8 (Guérin et al. 1994) and HTG 3, 4, 6 and 10 (Marklund et al. 1994). The 21 dams and 3 sires were genotyped using DNA extracted from blood and amplified by PCR. After electrophoresis and autoradiography of the PCR products of the embryo and parents, the alleles of the embryo were compared to those of the dam to identify those of maternal origin. The paternal alleles were then searched for within the genotype of the 3 sires, and the stallion(s) that exhibited the particular allele was said to be compatible with the embryo for this microsatellite. In this way, the true sire was identified correctly for all 21 embryos.