In goldfish, injection of ovulated eggs (from donor females) through the ovipore and into the ovarian lumen of females with vitellogenic oocytes induces spawning behaviour within several hours. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of indomethacin (IM), 10 mug/g, either 10 h prior to, or coincident with, injection of ovulated eggs, completely inhibits the onset of spawning behaviour. IM injection similarly terminates ongoing spawning behaviour induced by egg injection. PGF2alpha (5 mug/g; i.p. injection) restores spawning behaviour of egg-injected, IM-blocked fish; at the same dosage, PGE2 is marginally effective and PGE1 is without effect. As PGF2alpha and PGE2 also induce spawning behaviour in females which have not been injected with ovulated eggs, it is suggested that distension of the oviduct following ovulation or egg injection results in the release of PG which then acts in some way to induce spawning behaviour. The ability of PG to induce spawning behaviour is eliminated by hypophysectomy and restored by treatment with salmon gonadotropin: no steroid treatment was effective in restoring PG-induced spawning in fish which had been hypophysectomized for 3-4 months. The possible mode of action of PG in inducing spawning behaviour in female goldfish is discussed.