Cardiomyopathic lentiginosis/LEOPARD syndrome presenting as sudden cardiac arrest

Chest. 1998 May;113(5):1415-7. doi: 10.1378/chest.113.5.1415.


A 26-year-old apparently healthy man with numerous pigmented skin lesions collapsed during an evening party and was resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and subaortic tunnel were disclosed by angiocardiography. A diagnosis of cardiomyopathic lentiginosis/lentigines (multiple), electrocardiographic abnormalities, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonary stenosis, abnormalities of the genitalia, retardation of growth, and deafness (sensorineural) syndrome was made. The patient then underwent treatment with an implantable pacer-cardioverter-defibrillator device. Further evaluation revealed several well-established features of the disorder. This is the first reported case of survival from ventricular fibrillation associated with this rare and little known multifaceted syndrome. Disseminated lentiginosis must prompt clinicians to evaluate such cases further since underlying disorders may be associated with considerable morbidity and, apparently, sudden death.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis
  • Adult
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / complications*
  • Deafness / complications
  • Defibrillators, Implantable
  • Electrocardiography
  • Genitalia, Male / abnormalities
  • Growth Disorders / complications
  • Heart Arrest / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypertelorism / complications
  • Lentigo / complications*
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / complications
  • Syndrome
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / etiology*
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / prevention & control