Percutaneous Vertebroplasty With Polymethylmethacrylate. Technique, Indications, and Results

Radiol Clin North Am. 1998 May;36(3):533-46. doi: 10.1016/s0033-8389(05)70042-7.

Abstract

Percutaneous vertebroplasty with acrylic cement consists of injecting polymethylmethacrylate into vertebral bodies destabilized by osseous lesions. The aim is to obtain an analgesic effect by reinforcing lesions of the spine. The major indications are vertebral angiomas, osteoporotic vertebral crush syndromes, and malignant spinal tumors. The clinically significant complications occur predominantly in patients with spinal metastatics, but in the great majority of cases they resolve with medical treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia, General
  • Anesthesia, Local
  • Bone Cements / adverse effects
  • Bone Cements / therapeutic use*
  • Hemangioma / complications
  • Hemangioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Hemangioma / therapy
  • Humans
  • Needles
  • Osteoporosis / complications
  • Osteoporosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteoporosis / therapy
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate / administration & dosage*
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate / adverse effects
  • Radiography
  • Spinal Diseases / complications
  • Spinal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Spinal Diseases / therapy
  • Spinal Neoplasms / complications
  • Spinal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Spinal Neoplasms / therapy
  • Spinal Puncture / adverse effects
  • Spinal Puncture / instrumentation
  • Spinal Puncture / methods
  • Spine* / diagnostic imaging

Substances

  • Bone Cements
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate