The human gp130 cDNA sequence was used as a query to search an expressed sequence tag database (dbEST) to identify cDNA sequences with similarity to the cytokine class I receptor family. A novel class I cytokine receptor was identified in a human infant brain cDNA library and was named WSX-1. Full-length cDNA sequences for human and murine WSX-1 were isolated and characterized. The WSX-1 cDNA encodes a 636 amino acid transmembrane protein with an extracellular domain of 482 amino acids and a cytoplasmic domain of 96 amino acids. The structure of the WSX-1 protein most closely resembles that of gp130. Northern blot analysis indicates high levels of expression in thymus, spleen, lymph node, and peripheral blood leukocytes, suggesting a role for WSX-1 in modulation of the immune response.