The minimal standard terminology for digestive endoscopy: introduction to structured reporting

Int J Med Inform. 1998 Feb;48(1-3):217-25. doi: 10.1016/s1386-5056(97)00128-7.


The wider use of computers for the management of endoscopic data and the use of electronic endoscopes for the production of high quality endoscopic images has made the standardization of terminology and images formats necessary in digestive endoscopy reports. The European Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy have combined their efforts to propose a Minimal Standard Terminology for Computerized Databases in Endoscopy. This terminology is based on the following principles: no term describing findings less frequent than 1%, of the daily practice, and no term based on subjective impressions. The Minimal Standard Terminology has been developed according to the natural process of constructing an endoscopic report in natural language and deals with the following: reasons for performing the examination, endoscopic findings, endoscopic diagnosis, additional therapeutic and diagnosis procedures (biopsies, etc.). It is subdivided according to the main organs examined with an endoscopy. Until now, the Minimal Standard Terminology was tested in many centers and was shown to accurately cover 95% of routine examinations for the upper gastrointestinal tract, colonoscopy and cholangio-pancreatography. It is currently being tested in an a prospective way in several centers in Europe (with a grant from the European Commission DGXIII-C4) and in the USA (with grant from the AHDHF).

MeSH terms

  • Endoscopy, Digestive System / standards*
  • European Union
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Terminology as Topic*
  • United States
  • Vocabulary, Controlled