Background: Blue-on-yellow (B/Y) perimetry can reveal visual field defects earlier and larger in extent than white-on-white (W/W) perimetry. The Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) produces a three-dimensional image of the optic disc. The aim of this study was to compare the strength of the association of the B/Y and W/W visual hemifield mean deviation (HMD) variables with the optic nerve head (ONH) morphological variables of the respective area.
Methods: We evaluated one randomly chosen eye of 40 normal subjects and 37 patients with ocular hypertension and different stages of glaucoma. The B/Y and W/W visual fields (program 30-2) were obtained with a Humphrey perimeter. Results of both visual fields were adjusted for the patient's age and lens transmission index measured with a lens fluorometer. HMD was calculated as the difference between the measured and expected hemifield mean sensitivity values, predicted by the regression model fitted in our nonglaucomatous subject data. The HRT with the software version 1.11 was used to acquire and evaluate the topographic measurements of the optic disc.
Results: The B/Y and W/W visual field HMDs showed statistically significant correlation with ONH parameters such as cup shape measure (CSM), rim volume, rim area, mean retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and RNFL cross-sectional area. With forward stepwise logistic regression analysis using B/Y hemifield data 38% of the glaucoma patient's normal W/W hemifields were classified abnormal. With the CSM alone in the model 52% of the cases were classified abnormal.
Conclusions: B/Y visual field hemifield mean deviation values correlate well with ONH parameters examined with the HRT.