The Effects of Eprosartan, an Angiotensin II AT1 Receptor Antagonist, on Uric Acid Excretion in Patients With Mild to Moderate Essential Hypertension

J Clin Pharmacol. 1998 May;38(5):437-41. doi: 10.1002/j.1552-4604.1998.tb04450.x.

Abstract

The effects of antihypertensive agents, including angiotensin II receptor antagonists, on urine uric acid excretion may have important clinical consequences. Therefore, the effects of single and repeated doses of eprosartan on uric acid excretion were evaluated in 57 male patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, repeated dose, dose-rising, two-period, period-balanced, crossover study conducted in two parts. In part 1 (n = 33), the effects of eprosartan dose regimens of 50 mg, 100 mg, and 350 mg once daily and 150 mg every 12 hours on uric acid excretion were assessed. In part 2 (n = 24), the effects of eprosartan dose regimens of 600 mg, 800 mg, and 1,200 mg once daily on uric acid excretion were assessed. Eprosartan was well tolerated. There were no appreciable changes from predose values in fractional excretion of uric acid (FEua), urine uric acid excretion, urine uric acid to creatinine (Uua/Ucr) ratios, or serum uric acid concentrations after single or repeated doses of eprosartan. Mean Uua/Ucr ratios for eprosartan doses of 50 mg, 100 mg, or 350 mg daily or 150 mg every 12 hours were comparable to those for placebo. Mean FEua values and Uua/Ucr ratios for eprosartan doses of 600 mg, 800 mg, or 1,200 mg daily also were comparable to those for placebo. Single and repeated oral doses of eprosartan ranging from 50 mg to 1,200 mg daily had no effect on serum uric acid concentrations or urine uric acid excretion in patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acrylates / administration & dosage
  • Acrylates / pharmacology*
  • Adult
  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists*
  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antihypertensive Agents / pharmacology*
  • Creatinine / urine
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / metabolism*
  • Imidazoles / administration & dosage
  • Imidazoles / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
  • Thiophenes*
  • Uric Acid / blood
  • Uric Acid / urine*

Substances

  • Acrylates
  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Imidazoles
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
  • Thiophenes
  • Uric Acid
  • eprosartan
  • Creatinine