Isolation, characterization and biological properties of two kinin-like peptides (peptide-S and peptide-r) from Scaptocosa raptoria venom

Toxicon. 1998 Jan;36(1):31-9. doi: 10.1016/s0041-0101(97)00059-7.

Abstract

Two peptides with kinin-like biological properties were isolated by chromatography on a Sephadex G-10 column followed by high-performance liquid chromatography, from the venom of the spider Scaptocosa raptoria. The isolated peptides (peptide-S and peptide-R) were shown to cause contraction on the isolated guinea-pig ileum at amounts equivalent to those shown by bradykinin. Both peptides relaxed the isolated rat duodenum, increased the capillary permeability, caused decreasing and biphasic effect of the arterial blood pressure in conscious rats and induced oedema in the rat paw. The peptides had activity and structural similarities to other peptides (kinin-like) isolated from venoms. The complete amino acid analysis gave peptide-S a structure with 36 amino acid residues and peptide-R 22 amino acid residues. The mol. wts were estimated to be in the range of 4000 and 2870, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Capillary Permeability / drug effects
  • Female
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Spider Venoms / isolation & purification*
  • Spider Venoms / pharmacology
  • Structure-Activity Relationship

Substances

  • Spider Venoms
  • peptide-R, Scaptocosa
  • peptide-S, Scaptocosa