Phenotypic variability associated with 14 splice-site mutations in the NF2 gene

Am J Med Genet. 1998 May 18;77(3):228-33.


Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the NF2 gene. Patients carrying NF2 mutations are predisposed to cerebral and spinal tumors with bilateral vestibular schwannomas as the hallmark. Using single strand conformation polymorphism and temperature gradient gel electrophoresis analysis, we have screened 87 unrelated NF2 patients for mutations in the NF2 gene. In this study, we report phenotypes associated with 14 splice-site mutations carried by 14 propositi and 11 relatives. The mutations were distributed in exons 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 14, and 15. These splice-site mutations were associated with various phenotypes, from severe to asymptomatic. Phenotypic variation was also observed within families. Mutations downstream from exon 8 resulted more often in mild phenotypes. No meningiomas were found in any of 13 affected or mutation bearing individuals from three families with splice-site mutations of exons 14 and 15. These data suggest that splice-site alteration is a relatively common cause of NF2, and that unlike other mutations the clinical outcomes of splice-site mutations in the NF2 gene are variable. These results add to the growing body of information on genotype-phenotype correlation in NF2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Electrophoresis, Agar Gel
  • Female
  • Genes, Neurofibromatosis 2*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurofibromatosis 2 / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Point Mutation / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • RNA Splicing*
  • Temperature