Objective: To find the effect of HIV/AIDS infection on mortality and its evolution between 1989 and 1993.
Design: Descriptive epidemiological study.
Setting: Mortality study in the Community of Castilla y León.
Patients and other participants: The source of information used were the vital statistics published by the National Institute of Statistics. Mortality was analysed for the principal causes of death in people aged between 15 and 54. Specific and standardised mortality rates were calculated in function of the variables, year of death, age and sex.
Measurements and main results: Mortality due to HIV/AIDS infection increased progressively over time in both sexes, reaching in 1993 a rate of 13.56 per 10(5) in males and 3.52 per 10(5) in women. In 25 to 34-year old women the main causes of death were HIV/AIDS infection (9.36 per 10(5)) and traffic accidents (3.94 per 10(5)), whereas in men they were traffic accidents (38.67 per 10(5)) and HIV/AIDS infection (26.88 per 10(5)).
Conclusions: Mortality due to HIV/AIDS has increased in recent years and at present is the main cause of death in 25 to 34-year old women, and the second in men of this age-group.