Regulation of the insulin signalling pathway by cellular protein-tyrosine phosphatases

Mol Cell Biochem. 1998 May;182(1-2):91-9.


Protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) have been implicated in the physiological regulation of the insulin signalling pathway. In cellular and molecular studies, the transmembrane, receptor-type PTPase LAR and the intracellular, non-receptor enzyme PTP1B have been shown to have a direct impact on insulin action in intact cell models. Since insulin signalling can be enhanced by reducing the abundance or activity of specific PTPases, pharmaceutical agents directed at blocking the interaction between individual PTPases and the insulin receptor may have potential clinical relevance to the treatment of insulin-resistant states such as obesity and Type II diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Insulin / physiology*
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Subcellular Fractions / enzymology
  • Subcellular Fractions / physiology


  • Insulin
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases