Background & aims: Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays an important role in the trafficking and activation of leukocytes and is up-regulated in inflamed mucosa in Crohn's disease. ISIS 2302 is an antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide that inhibits ICAM-1 expression. The aim of this study was to obtain preliminary assessment of tolerability, pharmacology, and efficacy of ISIS 2302 in Crohn's disease.
Methods: Twenty patients with active, steroid-treated Crohn's disease were randomized (3:1, ISIS 2302 to placebo) to receive over 26 days 13 intravenous infusions of ISIS 2302 (0.5, 1, or 2 mg/kg) or saline placebo in a double-blinded study. The patients were followed up for 6 months.
Results: At the end of treatment. 47% (7 of 15) of ISIS 2302-treated and 20% (1 of 5) of the placebo-treated patients were in remission (Crohn's Disease Activity Index [CDAI] < 150). At the end of month 6, 5 of these 7 ISIS 2302-treated remitters were still in remission, and a 6th patient had a CDAI of 156. Corticosteroid usage was significantly lower (P = 0.0001) in the ISIS 2302-treated patients. These findings were corroborated by significant increases in beta7 and alpha d bearing CD3+ peripheral blood lymphocytes and by decreases in intestinal mucosal ICAM-1 expression during the treatment period.
Conclusions: ISIS 2302 seems to be a well-tolerated and promising therapy for steroid-treated Crohn's disease.