Targeting T cells against brain tumors with a bispecific ligand-antibody conjugate

Int J Cancer. 1998 May 29;76(5):761-6. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(19980529)76:5<761::aid-ijc23>;2-5.


High-affinity receptors expressed on the surface of some tumors can be exploited by chemically conjugating the ligand for the receptor and an antibody against immune effector cells, thus redirecting their cytolytic potential against the tumor. Ovarian carcinomas and some brain tumors express the high-affinity folate receptor (FR). In this report, a transgenic mouse model that generates endogenously arising choroid plexus tumors was used to show that folate/anti-T-cell receptor antibody conjugates can direct infiltration of T cells into solid brain tumor masses. An engineered single-chain Fv form of the anti-T-cell receptor antibody KJ16 was conjugated with folate, to produce a bispecific agent that was substantially smaller than most previously characterized bispecific antibodies. Folate conjugation to the antibody increased T-cell infiltration into the tumors by 10- to 20-fold, and significantly prolonged survival of the mice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bispecific / pharmacology
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm / pharmacology
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / immunology
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Folate Receptors, GPI-Anchored
  • Folic Acid / metabolism
  • Folic Acid / pharmacology
  • Immunoconjugates / metabolism
  • Immunoconjugates / pharmacology*
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating / immunology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / immunology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Bispecific
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Folate Receptors, GPI-Anchored
  • Immunoconjugates
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Folic Acid