DGGE screening of mutations in mismatch repair genes (hMSH2 and hMLH1) in 34 Swedish families with colorectal cancer

Clin Genet. 1998 Feb;53(2):131-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.1998.tb02660.x.


Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominantly inherited syndrome which confers an increased risk for colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer as well as other tumors. It is caused by germline DNA mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations in five MMR genes, hMSH2, hMLH1, hPMS1, hPMS2 and hMSH6. Finding mutations in these high risk families means that you can offer presymptomatic carrier diagnosis and thereby identify individuals with a very high risk for cancer. These persons benefit from counseling and should be offered surveillance. We have used DGGE to screen members from 34 families for mutations in hMLH1 and hMSH2. Six mutations in five families were found, five of these mutations are new. Besides, three new polymorphisms were identified. The mutations were found in two of seven Amsterdam criteria HNPCC families and in three of four families with at least one case of early onset of CRC (before 35), suggesting there are appropriate families to be chosen for mutation screening in MMR genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / genetics*
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel / methods*
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing
  • Germ-Line Mutation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • MutL Protein Homolog 1
  • MutS Homolog 2 Protein
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Sweden


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • MLH1 protein, human
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • MSH2 protein, human
  • MutL Protein Homolog 1
  • MutS Homolog 2 Protein