Expression and enzymatic characterization of human glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) variants accounting for GPI deficiency

Blood Cells Mol Dis. 1998 Mar;24(1):54-61. doi: 10.1006/bcmd.1998.0170.


To elucidate the structure-function relationships in glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI), we established an expression system for human GPI as a fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase (GST) in E. coli. The GST-GPI fusion protein showed affinities for the substrates glucose 6-phosphate (G6P) and fructose 6-phosphate (F6P) similar to those of the native enzyme purified from human red blood cells (RBC). We expressed GPI cDNAs with four distinct disease-causing mutations and examined their enzymatic characteristics. Although each mutation caused reduced thermal stability, an amino acid substitution Thr-5-->Ile (T5I) exhibited marked thermal instability, suggesting that the amino-terminal of GPI is important for enzymatic stability. Thr-224 seemed not to be an essential residue, since the amino acid substitution Thr-224-->Met (T224M) showed normal substrate affinity in spite of a slight decrease in both specific activity and thermostability. Gln-343 and Asp-539 have been shown to be in close proximity to the putative catalytic sites, and the present study showed that both Gln-343-->Arg (Q343R) and Asp-539-->Asn (D539N) caused impaired substrate affinity; Q343R showed high Km for both G6P and F6P, whereas D539N showed significantly decreased affinity only for F6P. These results suggest that not only reduced enzymatic stability but also impaired kinetics may disturb RBC metabolism of the GPI variants associated with hereditary hemolytic anemia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital Nonspherocytic
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Escherichia coli
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase / biosynthesis
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase / physiology*
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Point Mutation
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase