In an attempt to learn more about the phenomenon of repeat abortions, 116 women seeking a repeat abortion were compared in various ways with three groups of women not seeking a repeat abortion but otherwise similar. From this study it is apparent that postabortion women become, over time, less persistent users of contraception than sexually active nonpregnant women. However, they are more likely to use contraception continually than are women seeking a first abortion. The abortion experience, with or without concurrent family-planning guidance, does not create universally sufficient long-lasting motivation to use of contraception. Some other factors which might contribute to this motivation are presented.