Type one serine/threonine protein phosphatases (PP1s) have been implicated in various processes of plant growth and development. In all plant species studied, PP1s are encoded by multigene families. Previous studies in our laboratory identified five Arabidopsis thaliana PP1 genes (TOPP1, TOPP2, TOPP3, TOPP4 and TOPP5). In the present study, we report the isolation of three additional PP1 genes (TOPP6, TOPP7 and TOPP8). Southern blot analyses indicate that these three newly isolated genes are single-copy genes in A. thaliana genome. All the three genes are expressed in roots, rosettes and flowers, although their expression levels appear to be lower than those of the five previously identified TOPP genes. Six of the eight TOPP genes were mapped to different positions on four of five A. thaliana chromosomes. Sequence comparison revealed that TOPP genes belong to different subgroups of plant PP1 genes, suggesting that they may encode proteins with distinct functions.