Effects of school-based aerobic exercise on blood pressure in adolescent girls at risk for hypertension

Am J Public Health. 1998 Jun;88(6):949-51. doi: 10.2105/ajph.88.6.949.


Objectives: This study evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise physical education on blood pressure in high-risk, predominantly African-American, adolescent girls.

Methods: Ninth-grade girls (n = 99) with blood pressure above the 67th percentile were randomized to 1 semester of aerobic exercise classes or standard physical education classes.

Result: The study was completed by 88 girls. At posttest, only members of the aerobic exercise group increased their estimated cardiorespiratory fitness. The aerobic exercise group had a greater decrease in systolic blood pressure than the standard physical education group (P < .03).

Conclusions: Aerobic exercise physical education is a feasible and effective health promotion strategy for high-risk adolescent girls.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Baltimore
  • Blacks*
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Child
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / ethnology
  • Hypertension / prevention & control*
  • Mass Screening
  • Physical Education and Training*
  • Physical Fitness
  • Risk Factors
  • Urban Population*