Renal responses of Australian lungfish to vasotocin, angiotensin II, and NaCl infusion

Am J Physiol. 1976 Aug;231(2):593-602. doi: 10.1152/ajplegacy.1976.231.2.593.


The Australian lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri) responds to intravenous injections of 0.63 ng/kg or more of arginine vasotocin with increased dorsal aortic blood pressure, inulin clearance, urine flow, and tubular rejection of Na+. Single injections of 1 ng/kg or more of angiotensin II or norepinephrine also increase dorsal aortic pressure but do not cause consistent diuresis and natriuresis, Continuous infusions of angiotensin II or repeated injections of norepinephrine produce sustained hypertension and more modest diuresis and natriuresis than are seen after injections of arginine vasotocin that cause less hypertension. Infusions of isosmolar or hyposmolar NaCl solutions increase blood pressure, inulin clearance, urine flow, and tubular Na+ rejection in a manner resembling the response to argininge vasotocoin injections. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that arginine vasotocin is released in response to volume expansion in lungfishes and that it may act on the kidney as a diuretic and natriuretic hormone. They do not rule out a more direct action of expansion on renal functions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Diuresis / drug effects
  • Fishes / physiology*
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / drug effects
  • Inulin / urine
  • Kidney / drug effects*
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Natriuresis / drug effects
  • Norepinephrine / pharmacology
  • Sodium Chloride / pharmacology*
  • Vasotocin / pharmacology*


  • Angiotensin II
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Inulin
  • Vasotocin
  • Norepinephrine