Porous diaphragm syndromes

Chest Surg Clin N Am. 1998 May;8(2):449-72.


Porous diaphragm syndromes are a group of seemingly disparate clinical symptom complexes involving a wide variety of unrelated medical specialties. However, they are linked by a common anatomical feature, a defect in the diaphragm. They usually present with thoracic symptomatology--pleural effusions, pneumothorax, hemothorax, empyema--mediated by this defect. Management of these syndromes utilizes principles of thoracic surgical practice including thoracotomy and thoracoscopy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Fluids
  • Diaphragm* / abnormalities
  • Endometriosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Meigs Syndrome
  • Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Pleural Diseases*
  • Pneumoperitoneum
  • Syndrome