Gastrin via its G-protein coupled specific receptor induces transcription of c-fos and c-jun genes through a ras-MAPK pathway. Ornithine Decarboxylase (ODC), a growth regulated proto-oncogene, was chosen to investigate gastrin effects on translation initiation of mRNAs exhibiting a 5'UnTranslated Region (5'UTR) responsible for translation repression in quiescent cells. In AR4-2J tumoral cells, we first demonstrated that gastrin increases ODC mRNA translation. Transient transfections with various CAT chimeric constructs suggested a direct involvement of the 5'UTR in this observation. Translation of this group of mRNAs is enhanced by the availability of the cap-binding protein (eIF4E) that is increased after phosphorylation of its specific binding protein eIF4E-BP1. We found that AR4-2J cells over-expressed eIF4E protein which was not modulated by gastrin treatment. Rapamycin which inhibits 4E-BP1 phosphorylation, completely prevents gastrin-mediated increase of ODC translation indicating that 4E-BP1 could be involved in regulating ODC translation. Implication of 4E-BP1 in mediating gastrin effects is corroborated by the capacity of the ligand to affect 4E-BP1 phosphorylation. These results indicate that gastrin enhances ornithine decarboxylase mRNA translation through a rapamycin sensitive pathway and provide the first evidence in the control of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation after occupancy of a G protein-coupled receptor.