Diagnostic considerations in acute alcoholic and gallstone pancreatitis

Am J Surg. 1976 Sep;132(3):329-31. doi: 10.1016/0002-9610(76)90386-x.

Abstract

Comparison of a group of patients with acute alcoholic pancreatitis with a group with gallstone pancreatitis has established the serum amylase level on admission as one of the most useful laboratory tests in aiding to differentiate the two entities. A serum amylase level greater than 1,500 IU was most often due to gallstone pancreatitis, as was elevation of the serum bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase levels.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcoholism / blood
  • Alcoholism / complications*
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
  • Amylases / blood
  • Bilirubin / blood
  • Cholecystectomy
  • Cholecystography
  • Cholelithiasis / blood
  • Cholelithiasis / complications*
  • Clinical Enzyme Tests
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatitis / blood
  • Pancreatitis / diagnosis*
  • Pancreatitis / surgery
  • Recurrence

Substances

  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Amylases
  • Bilirubin