Propofol is a sedative hypnotic agent often administered for intensive care sedation. A 28-year-old man who suffered a severe head injury developed elevated pancreatic enzymes after receiving extended high-dosage propofol therapy. Amylase and lipase values gradually reduced toward normal after the drug was discontinued. Possible propofol-induced pancreatitis was reported with short-term but not with prolonged therapy. A definitive cause-and-effect relationship is unclear since head trauma also was reported to cause elevated pancreatic enzymes. Intensive care practitioners should be aware of this potential reaction.