We have isolated multiple cDNAs encoding cytochromes P450 (P450s) from Arabidopsis thaliana employing a PCR strategy. Degenerate oligonucleotide primers were designed from amino acid sequences conserved between two plant P450s, CYP71A1 and CYP73A2, including the heme-binding site and the proline-rich motif found in the N-terminal region, and 11 putative P450 fragments were amplified from first-strand cDNA from 7-day-old Arabidopsis as a template. With these PCR fragments as hybridization probes, 13 full-length and 3 partial cDNAs encoding different P450s have been isolated from an Arabidopsis cDNA library. These P450s have been assigned to either one of the established subfamilies: CYP71B, CYP73A, and CYP83A; or novel subfamilies: CYP76C, CYP83B, and CYP91A. The primary protein structures predicted from the cDNA sequences revealed that the regions around both the heme-binding site and the proline-rich motif were highly conserved among all these P450s. The N-terminal structures of the predicted P450 proteins suggested that these Arabidopsis P450s were located at the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. The loci of four P450 genes were determined by RFLP mapping. One of the clones, CYP71B2, was located at a position very close to the ga4 and gai mutations. RNA blot analysis showed expression patterns unique to each of the P450s in terms of tissue specificity and responsiveness to wounding and light/dark cycle, implicating involvement of these P450s in diverse metabolic processes.