Structure and activity of mouse S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase gene promoters and properties of the encoded proteins

Biochem J. 1998 Jun 15;332 ( Pt 3)(Pt 3):651-9. doi: 10.1042/bj3320651.


The promoter regions of two S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase genes (AMD genes) were isolated from a mouse genomic library. One promoter was that of the bona fide mouse AMD gene (AMD1) whereas the other was that of the intronless AMD gene (AMD2). There was no sequence identity between the two promoters. The sequence of the AMD1 promoter was highly homologous to the human AMD1 and rat Amd1B promoters. After transient transfection in various cell lines, the AMD1 promoter was one to two orders of magnitude stronger than the AMD2 promoter. Similar results were obtained by using stably transfected mouse FM3A cells. In S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC)-overproducing SAM-1 cells, the AMD1 gene was amplified over 5-fold. AdoMetDC encoded by the intronless AMD2 gene had two amino acid replacements (Met to Ile at codon 70 and Ala to Val at codon 139), compared with the protein encoded by the AMD1 gene, and exhibited decreased catalytic activity (<50%) and decreased processing activity when expressed in AdoMetDC-deficient Escherichia coli cells. When Ile-70 of the protein encoded by AMD2 was converted into Met, both the catalytic and processing activities recovered markedly, indicating that Met-70 adjacent to the proenzyme-processing site is important for both activities. The third AMD locus (AMD3) in FM3A cells contains a pseudogene, in which deletion of two bases generates a premature termination codon at position 57. Since the AMD2 promoter had only 1-10% of the strength of the bona fide AMD1 gene and AMD2 protein possessed lower specific activity, the relative contribution of the AMD2-encoded enzyme to total AdoMetDC activity is small. Thus AdoMetDC activity in murine cells is thought to be due mainly to the product of the AMD1 gene.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase / biosynthesis
  • Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase / genetics*
  • Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Cell Line
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transfection


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB003152
  • GENBANK/AB006794
  • GENBANK/AB006795