Achalasia cardia in infancy and childhood: an Indian experience

J R Coll Surg Edinb. 1998 Apr;43(2):103-4.


Seven children with achalasia cardia, six of them infants, were seen over a 10-year period. In infantile achalasia, respiratory symptoms predominate and vomiting may easily be mistaken for gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Vomiting of uncurdled milk is characteristic of achalasia. Six children underwent esophagocardiomyotomy with good results in five. The procedure was transthoracic in two and transabdominal combined with an anterior fundoplication in the others. There was one post-operative death. Achalasia and alacrima were associated in two infants. One baby with this association also had a neurogenic bladder.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Esophageal Achalasia / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Male