Expression of adenosine A2a receptor gene in rat dorsal root and autonomic ganglia

Neurosci Lett. 1998 Apr 17;246(1):21-4. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(98)00216-x.

Abstract

The adenosine A2a receptors (A2aR) play an important role in the purinergic mediated neuromodulation. The presence of A2aR in the brain is well established. In contrast, little is known about their expression in the periphery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of A2aR gene in the autonomic (otic, sphenopalatine, ciliary, cervical superior ganglia and carotid body) and in the dorsal root ganglia of normal rat. Hybridization histochemistry with S35-labelled radioactive oligonucleotide probes was used. An expression of A2aR gene was found in the large neuronal cells of the rat dorsal root ganglia. The satellite cells showed no expression of A2aR gene. In the superior cervical ganglion, isolated ganglion cells expressed A2aR. In the carotid body clusters of cells with a strong A2aR gene expression were found. In contrast, the ciliary and otic ganglia did not expressed A2aR gene, and only few small sized A2aR expressing cells were demonstrated in the sphenopalatine ganglion. The discrete distribution of A2aR gene expression in the peripheral nervous system speaks for a role of this receptor in the purinergic modulation of sensory information as well as in the sympathetic nervous system.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Ganglia, Autonomic / metabolism*
  • Ganglia, Spinal / metabolism*
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Male
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1 / biosynthesis
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1 / genetics*

Substances

  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1