Background: Recent studies suggest that increased peritoneal membrane permeability is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients. It is not known, however, whether the difference in clinical outcome among different peritoneal transport groups is due to differences in peritoneal fluid and solute removal. In the present study, we compared the peritoneal fluid and solute transport and clinical outcome in CAPD patients with high (H), high-average (H-A), low-average (L-A) and low (L) peritoneal transport patterns.
Design: A 6-h dwell study was performed in 46 patients with frequent dialysate and plasma samples using 2 l of 3.86% glucose dialysate with 131I albumin as an intraperitoneal volume marker. The patients were divided into four transport groups according to their D/P of creatinine at 240 min.
Results: The results showed that high transporters had significantly lower peritoneal fluid and small-solute removal but high glucose absorption and high protein loss during a 6-h exchange. The serum albumin was lower and blood pressure and triglycerides were higher in high transporters compared with the other groups. Two-year patient survival from the start of CAPD treatment was significantly lower for high transporters (64, 85, 90 and 100% for H, H-A, L-A and L respectively, P < 0.01). The 1-year patient survival from the dwell study was also significantly lower in high transporters (16, 63, 90 and 100% for each group, P<0.01).
Conclusion: Our results suggest that high transporters remove less fluid and small solutes and have higher protein loss and increased glucose absorption. These alterations may contribute to fluid overload, malnutrition and lipid abnormalities that perhaps contribute to the increased mortality among the high transporters.