Novikoff hepatoma deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase. Sensitivity of the beta-polymerase to sulfhydryl blocking agents

Nucleic Acids Res. 1976 Sep;3(9):2341-52. doi: 10.1093/nar/3.9.2341.


Unlike other beta-class eukaryotic DNA polymerases, the enzyme purified from the Novikoff hepatoma is inhibited by both sulfhydryl blocking agents N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and p-hydroxymercuribenzoate (pHMB). The degree of sensitivity varies depending on the enzyme purity, pH of the reaction, and the presence of sulfhydryl reducing agents. Novikoff beta-polymerase activity is unaffected by the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol (2-Me) or dithiothreitol (DTT); however, the combination of 2-mercaptoethanol and NEM or pHMB acts to reverse the inhibition of the sulfhydryl blocking agent. The reversal of inhibition involves more than just a titration of NEM with 2-mercaptoethanol since a) the combination of these two reagents actually stimulates the DNA polymerase, and b) dithiothreitol did not reverse the inhibition. Binding of the polymerase to DNA did not affect the enzyme sensitivity to NEM.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / enzymology*
  • DNA / pharmacology
  • Dithiothreitol / pharmacology
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Ethylmaleimide / pharmacology
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydroxymercuribenzoates / pharmacology
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Liver Neoplasms
  • Mercaptoethanol / pharmacology
  • Neoplasms, Experimental
  • Sea Urchins / enzymology
  • Sulfhydryl Reagents / pharmacology*


  • Hydroxymercuribenzoates
  • Sulfhydryl Reagents
  • Mercaptoethanol
  • DNA
  • Ethylmaleimide
  • Dithiothreitol