Improving diabetes preventive care in a family practice residency program: a case study in continuous quality improvement

Fam Med. 1998 Jun;30(6):441-5.


Background and objectives: The paradigm of continuous quality improvement (CQI) holds promise for application in clinical settings. This paper highlights results of a CQI project developed and implemented in a residency-based, ambulatory family medicine center for management of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Methods: We developed a CQI program that used several indicators of diabetes management as measures of quality care. These included dietary counseling, exercise counseling, foot care counseling, ophthalmology referral, and measurement of hemoglobin AIC and renal function.

Results: Overall, compliance with recommendations for diabetes management increased from a baseline proportion of 40% to a level of 70% at the end of 1 year. During the second year, overall compliance was maintained at this level despite the inclusion of additional performance indicators.

Conclusions: The CQI process can improve physician performance in managing patients with diabetes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Community Health Services
  • Diabetes Mellitus / prevention & control*
  • Family Practice / education*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency / methods*
  • Medical Audit*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Preventive Medicine / education*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Random Allocation
  • Retrospective Studies