Background: Recurrence of hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in the allograft is associated with a very poor renal prognosis. Meta-analysis of previous trials may allow us to better estimate its real frequency, to identify risk factors for recurrence, and to predict the outcome of patients with definite recurrence.
Methods: An exhaustive search was conducted of HUS recurrence in renal transplantation from January 1977 to June 1997 using MEDLINE.
Results: Ten studies comprising 159 grafts in 127 patients were identified. The rate of recurrence was 27.8%. One-year graft survival was 76.6% in patients without recurrence and 33.3% in patients with recurrence (P<0.001). Older age at onset of HUS (16.96+/-7.6 years vs. 9.95+/-6.55 years; P<0.02), shorter mean interval between HUS and transplantation (2.51+/-2.7 years vs. 6.03+/-6.4 years; P<0.01), shorter mean interval between HUS and end-stage renal disease (0.79+/-0.39 years vs. 2.78+/-2.47 years; P<0.01), living-related donors, and the use of calcineurin inhibitors were associated with recurrence.
Conclusion: Risk factors for HUS recurrence in renal transplantation could be identified through this meta-analysis.