Radiotherapy for breast cancer in Ontario: rate variation associated with region, age and income

Clin Invest Med. 1998 Jun;21(3):125-34.


Objective: To describe the variation in the use of radiotherapy (RT) in women in Ontario within 1 year of diagnosis of breast cancer, from 1982 to 1991, and to identify factors associated with these variations.

Design: Retrospective, population-based cohort study.

Setting: Ontario.

Population: All women registered by the Ontario Cancer Registry (OCR) with a diagnosis of invasive breast cancer between Jan. 1, 1982, and Dec. 31, 1991.

Interventions: RT to any anatomic site within 1 year of the diagnosis of breast cancer.

Outcome measures: Odds of receiving RT within 1 year of diagnosis (from RT files from all radiotherapy departments in Ontario) associated with year and with geographic, age-related and socioeconomic factors.

Results: Use of RT within 1 year of diagnosis increased from 21.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 19.8-22.4) in 1982 to 44.7% (95% CI 43.4-46.0) in 1991 (p < 0.0001). Among the regions of Ontario, the use of RT varied from 24.5% (95% CI 23.5-25.6) to 44.4% (95% CI 43.0-45.9) (p < 0.0001). Increasing age was associated with decreasing likelihood of receiving RT (test for trend p < 0.0001), as was decreasing income (test for trend p < 0.0001).

Conclusions: The use of RT within 1 year of the diagnosis of breast cancer in women in Ontario varies by region, age and income. Despite universal and comprehensive health insurance coverage, women with breast cancer in some populous regions of Ontario were less likely to receive RT within 1 year of their diagnosis than women in other populous regions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Ontario
  • Radiotherapy / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Waiting Lists