Identification and characterization of a locus (RTM1) that restricts long-distance movement of tobacco etch virus in Arabidopsis thaliana

Plant J. 1998 Apr;14(2):177-86. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.1998.00105.x.


Screens of Arabidopsis thaliana for susceptibility to tobacco etch virus (TEV) revealed that each of 10 ecotypes were able to support genome replication and cell-to-cell movement in inoculated leaves. However, only four ecotypes, including C24 and La-er, supported complete infections in which TEV was able to replicate and move from cell to cell and long distances through the vasculature. The rates of cell-to-cell movement of a reporter-tagged TEV strain (TEV-GUS) in inoculated leaves of C24 and Columbia (Col-3) were similar, and infection foci continued to expand in both ecotypes through 10 days post-inoculation. No visible or microscopic hypersensitive or cell death responses were evident in inoculated leaves of Col-3 plants. Infection of neither C24 nor Col-3 plants with TEV-GUS resulted in induction of PR-1a gene expression, which is normally associated with active defence responses and systemic acquired resistance. The genetic basis for the restriction of long-distance movement of TEV-GUS in Columbia was investigated using C24 x Col-3 crosses and backcrosses and using La-er x Col-0 recombinant inbred lines. A dominant locus conditioning the restricted TEV infection phenotype was identified on chromosome 1 between markers ATEAT1 and NCC1 at approximately 14 cM in both genetic analyses. This locus was designated RTM1 (restricted TEV movement 1). It is proposed that RTM1 mediates a restriction of long-distance movement through a mechanism that differs substantially from those conditioned by the dominant resistance genes normally associated with gene-for-gene interactions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / virology*
  • Biological Transport
  • Cell Death
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Glucuronidase / metabolism
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Phenotype
  • Plant Diseases / genetics
  • Plant Diseases / virology*
  • Plants, Toxic*
  • Potyviridae / enzymology
  • Potyviridae / genetics*
  • Potyviridae / pathogenicity*
  • Tobacco / virology*


  • Glucuronidase